Many diseases that appear in old age are chronic conditions associated with progressive cell degeneration. Although most have no cure, they can be kept in check.
Do you want to know what are the most common diseases during old age?
Compared to before, life expectancy on the American continent now exceeds 70 years, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). This fact favors the appearance of chronic disorders related to organ damage.
Timely diagnosis and therapy are the basis for healthy aging
The 5 most common diseases in old age
Most of these diseases come on gradually and progressively, which is why they usually go unnoticed until they manage to acutely stabilize and alter the older person’s daily activities.
aging is the result of a series of cellular and molecular damage
The presence of pathologies in the elderly depends on many factors that interact with each other on several levels and in a complex way. Taking this into account, we can say that the most common diseases during old age are the following.
1) High blood pressure
Hypertension is a cardiovascular system disease characterized by high levels of blood pressure. For years this disease has been one of the conditions with the highest incidence and mortality rate in the world.
Various researches show that its prevalence is 20-30% in the general population and 60% in patients over the age of 60. Similarly, high blood pressure is associated with a long list of heart conditions, including acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, and cerebrovascular accidents.
Symptoms of this condition are generally silent and not very specific
2) Arthritis and osteoarthritis
Arthritis refers to a group of acute or chronic diseases associated with inflammation of one or more joints. On the other hand, osteoarthritis refers to the progressive degeneration of the elements that make up a joint, mainly at the cartilage level.
In 2018, more than half of people over the age of 65 suffered from one type of osteoarthritis. These osteoarticular conditions often manifest with joint pain, stiffness, and limited mobility of the joint.
Arthritis and osteoarthritis are more common in women
3) Most common diseases in old age: Alzheimer’s
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s include memory loss and changes in behavior.
Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by brain atrophy and nerve cell death. It is the leading cause of dementia in the elderly, present in more than a third of patients over the age of 85.
The earliest manifestations of this condition include memory loss of recent events or situations. As the condition evolves, there is a deterioration in the individual’s behavior, thinking, and social skills, and their ability to carry out daily activities is also impaired.
there is no definitive cure or treatment to defeat Alzheimer’s.
Dementia is a memory and thinking condition associated with a diverse group of chronic and degenerative diseases. In this sense, this disease of old age is the product of continuous damage to the brain structures responsible for the coordination and regulation of higher functions.
It is considered the leading cause of disability and addiction in the elderly. The most obvious symptom is a gradual memory loss, as well as the manifestation of delusions, hallucinations, paranoid ideas, and psychosis.
Treatment is mainly pharmacological
Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease of bone tissue characterized by chronic bone demineralization, fragility, and loss of bone density. It is one of the most common diseases in old age, with an incidence of 25% for women over the age of 45 and 50% for women over the age of 60.
Osteoporosis can cause a large number of fractures due to falls or trauma ranging from mild to moderate. The bones most affected are the femur, hip, spine, and wrist bones. The most common manifestations of this pathology are bone and joint pain, lowered stature, weakness, and forward bent posture.
Treatment involves an adequate diet and the administration of calcium supplements
Tips for preventing disease in old age
Grandson and grandfather gardening to prevent the most common diseases in old age.
Healthy lifestyle habits help prevent diseases typical of old age.
Most of the most common diseases of old age are associated with chronic degenerative processes. Because of this, small lifestyle changes can slow the progression of a large number of conditions.
These changes can also increase the life expectancy of the older person. Some tips we can follow to reduce the risk of certain diseases during old age are as follows:
Follow a balanced diet: it is advisable to follow a diet rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and low in salt, sugars, and saturated fats that reduces the risk of suffering from cardiovascular, endocrine, metabolic, and osteoarticular diseases.
Exercise regularly: Light to moderate physical activity promotes blood circulation, helps keep weight under control, and reduces the incidence of arterial and metabolic diseases. It also allows the body to be active, slowing down the degeneration of organs and tissues.
Periodically undergo medical checks: periodic medical examinations allow for early detection of diseases related to old age and to offer prompt treatment. In addition, disease monitoring is essential to avoid any complications.
You can also like to read, How to take care of elderly parents in an old age home